GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT PRAGUE
Prague is not only the capital of the Czech Republic; it is also the largest city in the country. It has a 1,000-year-old history and is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. It is one of the culture capitals of Europe and lovers of history and art will be in their element as there are many fascinating museums and galleries to explore. There are also many beautiful parks and forests to relax in. Churches, which are a must-see as the architecture of many of them is second to none, can be found in every district. Dining and shopping opportunities are in abundance, with both international and local cuisine being served in many
Few of Prague must-See Sights:
Castle Hill, or Hradcany, is one of the most-visited parts of Prague, next to the Old Town. The complex on Castle Hill contains palaces, churches, gardens, and galleries. Many are open to the public year round - others are open only on special occasions or to administrative personnel.
St. Vitus Cathedral is one of the most interesting and beautiful buildings in the Prague Castle complex. Visit Vitus Cathedral before you see anything else. Traipsing around the complex can quickly wear you out, so you should see St. Vitus Cathedral while you've still got lots of energy and enthusiasm.
You should allow 2-3 hours, at minimum, for visiting Prague Castle. However, if you find that you want to follow the audio tour, seeing the Prague Castle Complex may take longer. Make sure you've eaten breakfast before you go. You can get lunch in the vicinity of Prague Castle after your visit and digest all you've seen over hot dumplings or cold beer.
Old Town Square (Staromestske namesti)
Old Town Square is one of the best-known of Prague squares. The square is from 12th century. Old Town Hall with Astronomical Clock (on the right), Gothic Church of Our Lady before Tyn (in the middle) and Church of St.Nicholas (on the left) dominate this unique heart of the Prague.
Charles Bridge was built by Charles IV. in 1357. It is in Gothic style, 516 m long, 9.5 m wide and supported by 16 massive piers. Both ends are fortified by towers. Bridge was the only bridge in Prague up to 19th century.
Prague Jewish Quarter - Josefov
The Jewish Quarter in Prague contains the most well-preserved Jewish historical monuments in Europe. Six synagogues still stand in this region in addition to the historic Jewish Town Hall and the Old Jewish Cemetery, considered one of the most remarkable burial grounds of its kind in Europe.
Josefov's Old-New Synagogue is the oldest preserved synagogue in Central Europe. Built in the late 13th century, it is of early Gothic style and features marvelous intricate stonework. All interior furnishings are originals. This synagogue now serves as the main house of prayer for Prague's Jewish community.
The Spanish Synagogue in Prague is known as the most beautiful synagogue in Europe. Set in the heart of the Jewish Quarter (Josefov), it is certainly a stunning sight. The remarkable interior decoration features a low stucco arabesque of stylized Islamic motifs which are also applied to the walls, doors and gallery balustrades.